The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The basic function of the Endocannabinoid System, which exists in all vertebrates, is to maintain homeostasis in the human body. In laymen’s terms, the ECS keeps our bodies in balance. Cannabinoids, whether they be endocannabinoiods (made in our bodies) or phytocannabinoids like CBD (made outside our bodies) stimulate CB receptors in our bodies to help us achieve a healthy, balanced state.

The CB receptors are located throughout the body and its systems including the brain, the endocrine, and the immune system. There are two types, CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are mainly located in the brain and associated glands including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus. CB2 receptors are located mostly in the immune system, central and peripheral nervous systems, and in white blood cells.

The cannabinoids that stimulate the CB receptors are fairly rapidly synthesized, so they do not stay in the body for very long. It is sort of a “use it or lose it” situation. The body can of course induce the creation of endocannabinoids to an extent, and we can supplement those cannabinoids by introducing CBD.

Scientists believe the ECS has been in the human species for thousands of years, but it was discovered only relatively recently in the nineties. It has been called the Universal Regulator since it impacts most of the systems in the body including the nervous system and the immune system. Giving the Endocannabinoid System what it needs to help us be mentally sharp and physically healthy includes a healthy diet, regular exercise, good sleep, and useful supplements.